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What is and what causes Osteoarthritis (OA)?

Medically, there are 100 types of arthritis. Osteoarthritis (OA) is considered most common. It is described as a chronic (long-term), degenerative joint condition; meaning, it gets worse over time by breaking down joint cartilage of the hands, knees, hips, or spine most often.

OA is classified either primary or secondary. Primary OA has an unidentifiable cause. However, the secondary OA is caused by another infection, disease, deformity or injury.

What are the risk factors of OA?

  • Heredity
    There are genetic problems that lead to OA; including joint defects or laxity.
  • Weight
    Overweight/obesity add stress on joints in the knees.
  • Injury/Overuse/Misuse
    Injury to joints may lead to OA; resulting from trauma, overuse or misuse.

What are the most common symptoms of OA?

  1. Joint pain and stiffness, especially after rest/inactivity
  2. Lesser movement in the joint
  3. Grinding feeling in the joint when moving

(NOTE: Symptoms of OA can mimic other health conditions. Make sure to see a Rheumatologist in Indiana for a diagnosis.)

What are the treatments?
Depending on the patient’s condition severity, symptoms, age, and general health, the goal of the treatment is to alleviate joint pain and stiffness; improving joint movement.

Regular Exercise
Stretching and strength exercises help ease the pain/other symptoms.

Heat Treatment
Heat also help ease the pain.

Physical and Occupational Therapy
These therapies help in easing the pain, improving flexibility, and reducing strain.

Weight Maintenance
If needed, healthy/losing weight help prevent/ease symptoms.

Medication
This includes both pain relievers and anti-inflammatory.

Thick Liquids Injection
These fluids act like a normal joint fluid.

Surgery
Surgery is necessary to repair/replace severely damaged joints.

For Rheumatology Treatment in Muncie, Indiana, talk with Dr. Tarek Kteleh.

The Rheumatology of Central Indiana can answer your inquiries about Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment and other autoimmune diseases.

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